Glossary of Medical Terms

Personal injury claims need to be supported by medical evidence.  Medical reports of your accident injury can be from your GP, hospital or an independent medical assessment.  Whilst consulting with someone from the medical profession you can easily find yourself confused with the medical terminology.

There are many names for parts of your body that you have probably not heard before, Therefore below you will find a list of common parts of the body that are subjected to accident injury with the medical term often used beside them, along with a diagram showing where these parts can be found on your body.

We hope this will help you understand the exact nature of your accident injury and relieve any confusion you may have.

  • start your claim button

Picture of a skeleton showing different parts of the bodyAlimentary Canal
This is the medical term for the digestive tract. It is a long tube which runs from your mouth to your anus. This tube is used to break down food into absorbable substances. Our body absorbs the nutrients from food which our bodies need to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Alopecia
Alopecia is commonly known as baldness. Baldness can occur through the natural aging process, through a side effect of medication you are taking, or as a result of stress.

Areola
This is the medical term for the nipples, primarily used for the expressing of milk in females.

Axilla
Axilla is the medical term for the armpit. You may come across this if the lymph nodes (glands) in the armpit are inflamed, or in the case of a diagnosis of breast cancer the lymph nodes in the axilla may be removed to prevent the disease spreading.

Calcaneus
More commonly known as the heel bone.

Carpals
This is the medical term for wrist bones. Eight small carpals make up the wrist.

Cerebrum
The technical term used to describe the human brain. The brain is one of the most important organs in our body, alongside the heart. The brain is the main control system and determines every movement and thought process.

Cervical or C-spine
This describes the part of the spine which sits at the back of the neck. This part of the spine is made up of seven bones.

Clavicles
Clavicles is the medical term for the collar bones. The collar bones are situated in front of the shoulder at the top of the rib cage.

Cornea
Cornea is the medical term for the translucent membrane which covers the eye. Light is able to pass through this membrane into the lens at the back of the eye.

Cranium
The cranium is more commonly known as the skull. This is the protective covering for the brain.

Epigastrium
Also known as the stomach, this is the part of the abdominal wall above the belly button

External Meatus
If you have been diagnosed with an ear problem you may hear this expression used. It is the medical term for the ear canal.

Gingiva
Gingiva is the medical term used to describe your gums. Your gums are made up of layers of tissue that the surround the teeth and protect them from infection.

Globe
The Globe is more commonly known as the eyeball, which is made up of the iris, cornea, lens and optical nerves, which enable us to see.

Gluteus
This is the medical term for what is more commonly known as your bottom.

Hallux
The Hallux is the medical term used to describe the Big Toe. Our toes are called phalanges and are made up of 14 bones. Without them it would be increasingly difficult to balance or walk.

Hepatic system
The Hepatic System means anything to do with the liver. The liver is full of hepatic veins and an hepatic artery runs through the centre. The liver is the body’s chemical processing centre and its maid task is to handle all the nutrients digested from the food eaten and sending them to cells around the body when needed. The liver filters the blood and clears it of harmful substances such as alcohol and makes new plasma. Over indulgence in alcohol for a long period of time damages the livers ability to do this process.

Iris
The Iris is the coloured ring found in your eye. It surrounds the pupil and enlarges and shrinks with the brightness of light, limiting the amount of light able to reach the lens at the back of the eye, therefore protecting any damage from the harmful rays of bright lights.

Labia
Is the term used to describe the four lip like folds of skin which form the vagina

Lumbar or L-spine
This is the part of your spine containing five bones, situated at the bottom of your back.

Malar region
This is the area commonly called our cheeks.

Malleoli
This is the medical term used to describe your ankle. Your ankle is made up of eight bones called the Tarsus bones.

Mammaries
Mammaries is used to describe breasts. The breasts are made from a mixture of gland tissue and fat, with tissue to hold them in shape. They are attached to the main muscle on the chest wall and remain in place by ligaments. The main function of breasts is to produce milk for new born babies.

Mandible
The term mandible is used to describe the area of the lower jaw.

Manubrial Notch
This is area at the bottom of your throat. The term Manubrial Notch is used to specify which area of the throat is in question.

Mentis
The medical term for indicating the chin, which is the area at the front of the face on the lower jaw line.

Metatarsals
Metatarsals is the word used to describe the area of the foot between the ankle and the phalanges (toes). The foot is made up of 24 bones. These bones are susceptible to sports injury.

Myocardium
Myocardium is the medical term for the heart. The heart is the most vital organ in our body alongside the brain. It pumps blood around our body by contracting and relaxing 70 times per minute.

Nares
If you have a problem with your nose you may come across the term Nares. It is the medical term used to describe the nostrils.

Olecranon
Quite an unusual word, however this is used to describe the elbow. The elbow is a swivel joint which allows us freedom of movement in our arms.

Oral Cavity
Oral Cavity is used to describe our mouth. Any problem in the mouth, for example “a lump in the oral cavity” will mean there is a lump on the mouth.

Orbit
Orbit is the term used to describe the eye socket.

Patella
Patella is the term used to describe the knee cap. Our knees are made up of cartilage and tendons, which join the lower leg to the upper leg. The knee is constantly under stress, especially when getting up or down, walking, running, lifting or squatting.

Pelvis
The Pelvis is made up of two hip bones, each of which is made up of three bones that fuse together at puberty. The Pelvis protects the female reproductive organs, bladder and lower abdomen. The Pelvis also aids us to walk up-right and supports the weight of the upper body.

Phalanges
This is the medical term used to describe our fingers and toes. These are important parts of our body which aid us in day to day tasks. Without our toes we would not be able to balance and walk easily.

Pinna
Pinna is the term used to describe the outer part of our ears. The outer part of the ear (ear flap) is simply a funnel for collecting sound. The main part of the ear is inside the head. The ears also help to maintain balance.

Prepuce
The prepuce is the retractable fold of skin over the penis.

Pulmonary system
If you ever have any breathing difficulties, you may well have a problem with your pulmonary system. Pulmonary system is the medical term used to describe the lungs.

Pupil
The Pupil is the black area in the centre of your eye which lets light through to the lens at the back of your eye.

Renal system
Renal system is the term used to describe the functioning of your kidneys. The Renal Artery brings blood to the kidney and the Renal Vein takes filtered blood away. The kidneys produce urine which has been filtered from your blood.

Sternum
The Sternum is the name used to describe the chest bone. The chest bone is attached to the rib cage which protects vital internal organs such as the heart, liver, stomach and lungs.

Thoracic or T-spine
Thoracic or T-spine is the term used to describe the upper/middle area of the back and is made up of twelve bones.

Thyroid Cartilage
Thyroid Cartilage is the medical term used to describe the Adams Apple. The Adams Apple is situated in the front part of the neck.

Tympanic Membrane
The tympanic membrane is the medical term for the ear drum. The ear drum is located in the inner ear and is a thin tight wall of skin which vibrates.

Ulna
The Ulna is the term used to describe the inner bone of the forearm. You may come across this term if you have unfortunately broken your arm.

Ulnar Nerve
The Ulnar Nerve is what controls the muscles in the forearm, hand and fingers. When you hit your “funny Bone”, you actually bruise this nerve.

Zygomatic Arch
The Zygomatic Arch is located on the face. It is the medical term for the cheek bone.

Should you have any questions regarding your accident injury please call our advisers now to discuss making a compensation claim.